Paul McCartney. Biography. Famous people in English. Personajes famosos en inglés.

Paul McCartney biography:

Paul McCartney is an English musician and a former member of the legendary music band ‘The Beatles’. A multiple Grammy Award winner, he is also a two-time inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (as a member of The Beatles in 1988, and as a solo artist in 1999), and one of the most successful composers and performers of all time. With his unprecedented success as a musician he has achieved a legendary status, and is regarded as one of the icons of 20th century English music. He loved music from a young age and was influenced by his father who was a trumpet player. He began writing songs as a teenager and started playing the guitar. As a young man he met John Lennon in a church festival and Lennon who played with a band invited Paul to join them. Soon other aspiring musicians too joined the group, and thus ‘The Beatles’ was born. Over the next few years ‘The Beatles’ went on to achieve phenomenal fame and all the group members, including Paul McCartney became internationally famous. He was already an influential figure by the time The Beatles broke up and easily embarked on a successful solo career. Along with all his musical achievements, he is also well-known for his philanthropic activities and social activism

He was born as James Paul McCartney on 18 June 1942 in Liverpool, England. His mother Mary Patricia was a midwife while his father James McCartney was a cotton salesman and jazz pianist with a local band. He has one younger brother.

He attended the Stockton Wood Road Primary School where he met and befriended George Harrison.

Paul McCartney’s mother died of breast cancer when he was just 14. The loss of his mother shattered the young boy.

As a teenager, he met John Lennon at a church festival. Since John too had lost his mother at a young age, the two boys bonded quickly and became friends. John had a band called the ‘Quarrymen’ and invited Paul to join the band.

Over the next few years, the band adopted the name, ‘The Beatles’. It also saw many changes in the personnel and by 1962 he line-up consisted of Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr.

The band’s first single, “Love Me Do”, principally written by Paul McCartney in collaboration with Lennon was released in 1962. The single became a hit and the Beatles became very popular.

In 1965 the group released their album, ‘Help!’ which spawned the hit single “Yesterday” written by Paul McCartney. The song went on to become one of the most covered songs in the history of recorded music with more than 2,200 cover versions.

Paul McCartney gave the group an idea for a concept album, ‘Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band’ which was released in 1976 to immediate success. It performed well commercially and was also critically acclaimed. It spent 27 weeks at the top of the albums chart in the United Kingdom and won four Grammy Awards in 1968.

Even though the band achieved phenomenal popularity and widespread success, the relations between the band members became strained and they started having frequent disagreements. Thus Paul McCartney left the band in 1970.

In 1971, he along with his wife Linda McCartney, session drummer Denny Seiwell, and former Moody Blues guitarist Denny Laine formed the rock band ‘Paul McCartney and Wings’.

 

Paul McCartney and Wings released several albums over the next decade including ‘Red Rose Speedway’ (1973), ‘Band on the Run’ (1973), ‘Venus and Mars’ (1975), ‘Wings at the Speed of Sound’ (1976), and ‘Back to the Egg’ (1979). The group disbanded in 1981 following disagreements over royalties and salaries.

The 1980s was a difficult time for Paul McCartney. He had become a drug addict and was arrested for possession of marijuana and fined. The same decade also saw the murder of his former partner, John Lennon, which deeply disturbed him. Even though he continued creating music, he could not achieve much success during this period.

During the 1990s, he collaborated with Martin Glover—popularly known as Youth—who was bassist of the rock band ‘Killing Joke’ and formed the band ‘The Fireman’. They came out with the album ‘Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest’, in 1993. The same year, McCartney released the rock album, ‘Off the Ground’.

He took a break from his solo career to work on ‘The Beatles Anthology’, a documentary TV series, a three-volume set of double albums, and a book focusing on the history of The Beatles. All the three surviving Beatles, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, participated in the making of the works.

He continued touring, performing and recording new albums well into the new millennium even though he was now in his sixties. The albums he released during this period include ‘Ecce Cor Meum’ (2006), ‘Memory Almost Full’ (2007), and ‘Electric Arguments’ (2008).

His debut studio album, ‘McCartney’, released in 1970 peaked at No. 1 position on the US Billboard 200 chart and remained there for three weeks; it reached No. 2 in Britain.

The album ‘Band on the Run’ released by Paul McCartney and Wings, became the top-selling studio album of 1974 in the United Kingdom and Australia. It was eventually certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America and remains his most successful album till date.

Awards & Achievements

Paul McCartney is a 21-time Grammy Award winner, including 12 as a member of ‘The Beatles’ and six as a solo artist.

He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice: Class of 1988 as a member of the Beatles and Class of 1999 as a solo artist.

In 1997, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his services to music.

He received the Gershwin Prize for his contributions to popular music in 2010.

He received the French Légion d’Honneur for his services to music in 2012.

 

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THE SLEEPER. EDGAR ALLAN POE. ESCOGIDAS EN INGLÉS. TRADUCIDAS AL ESPAÑOL. BIOGRAFÍA Y OBRAS.

Este mes hemos escogido un poema titulado “The Sleepers”.

Fue escrito por el reconocido y gran escritor  Edgar Allan Poe.

 

The sleeper:

At midnight in the month of June,
I stand beneath the mystic moon.
An opiate vapour, dewy, dim,
Exhales from out her golden rim,
And, softly dripping, drop by drop,
Upon the quiet mountain top.
Steals drowsily and musically
Into the univeral valley.
The rosemary nods upon the grave;
The lily lolls upon the wave;
Wrapping the fog about its breast,
The ruin moulders into rest;
Looking like Lethe, see! the lake
A conscious slumber seems to take,
And would not, for the world, awake.
All Beauty sleeps! — and lo! where lies
(Her easement open to the skies)
Irene, with her Destinies!

Oh, lady bright! can it be right —
This window open to the night?
The wanton airs, from the tree-top,
Laughingly through the lattice drop —
The bodiless airs, a wizard rout,
Flit through thy chamber in and out,
And wave the curtain canopy
So fitfully — so fearfully —
Above the closed and fringed lid
‘Neath which thy slumb’ring sould lies hid,
That o’er the floor and down the wall,
Like ghosts the shadows rise and fall!
Oh, lady dear, hast thous no fear?
Why and what art thou dreaming here?
Sure thou art come p’er far-off seas,
A wonder to these garden trees!
Strange is thy pallor! strange thy dress!
Strange, above all, thy length of tress,
And this all solemn silentness!

The lady sleeps! Oh, may her sleep,
Which is enduring, so be deep!
Heaven have her in its sacred keep!
This chamber changed for one more holy,
This bed for one more melancholy,
I pray to God that she may lie
Forever with unopened eye,
While the dim sheeted ghosts go by!

My love, she sleeps! Oh, may her sleep,
As it is lasting, so be deep!
Soft may the worms about her creep!
Far in the forest, dim and old,
For her may some tall vault unfold —
Some vault that oft hath flung its black
And winged pannels fluttering back,
Triumphant, o’er the crested palls,
Of her grand family funerals —
Some sepulchre, remote, alone,
Against whose portal she hath thrown,
In childhood, many an idle stone —
Some tomb from out whose sounding door
She ne’er shall force an echo more,
Thrilling to think, poor child of sin!
It was the dead who groaned within.

 

La durmiente

A medianoche, en el mes de junio,
permanezco de pie bajo la mística luna.
Un vapor de opio, como de rocío, tenue,
se desprende de su dorado halo,
y, lentamente manando, gota a gota,
sobre la cima de la tranquila montaña,
se desliza soñolienta y musicalmente
hasta el universal valle.
El romero cabecea sobre la tumba;
la lila se inclina sobre la ola;
abrazando la niebla en su pecho
las ruinas se van a dormir.
Parecido a Leteo, ¡mira!, el lago
parece que se entrega a un sueño consciente
y no despertaría por nada del mundo.
¡Toda la belleza duerme! Y ¡mira dónde reposa
Irene, con sus destinos!

¡Oh, ilustre señora!, ¿cómo puede estar bien
esta ventana abierta a la noche?
El aire travieso, desde la cima de los árboles,
pasa riendo a través de la reja.
Aires incorpóreos, revoltoso brujo,
entran y salen de tu aposento revoloteando,
y mueve el dosel de las cortinas
tan caprichosamente -tan temerariamente-
por encima de la cercana y orlada cobertura
bajo la cual tu alma adormecida reposa escondida,
que, sobre el suelo y por las paredes abajo,
¡como fantasmas las sombras suben y bajan!
¡Oh, querida señora!, ¿no tienes miedo?
¿Por qué y qué estás tú soñando aquí?
¡Seguro que vienes de allende lejanos mares,
atraída por este jardín!
¡Extraña es tu palidez! ¡Extraño tu vestido!
¡Extraña, sobre todo, la longitud de tu trenza,
todo ese silencio solemne!

¡La señora duerme! ¡Oh, que pueda su dormir
que permanece, ser tan profundo
que el cielo la tenga bajo su sagrada protección!
Este aposento se preparó para otra más santa,
esta cama para otra más melancólica.
¡Rezo a Dios para que repose
con los ojos cerrados para siempre,
mientras los pálidos amortajados fantasmas pasan!

¡El amor mío duerme! ¡Oh, que pueda ella dormir,
tan profundamente como largo sea tu sueño!
¡Que los gusanos se deslicen hacia ella suavemente!
En lo profundo del bosque, oscuro y viejo
puede aparecer algún alto cofre para ella,
algún cofre que se abra frecuentemente
su negra tapa como unas alas,
triunfantes, sobre los pináculos de los palios,
de los grandiosos funerales de su familia
-algún sepulcro, remoto, solitario,
contra cuya tapa ella ha tirado
muchas piedras distraídas en su niñez-.
Alguna tumba de cuya chirriante puerta
ella no pueda forzar nunca más un eco,
temblando al pensar, ¡pobre niña de pecado!,
que eran los muertos que gemían dentro.

>> Para leer la biografía y obras de Edgar Allan Poe, pinchar aquí <<

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Katharine Hepburn Biography. Famous people in English. Personajes famosos en inglés.

Katharine Hepburn Biography

Hepburn was more a personality than an actress when she took the professional plunge after graduating from Bryn Mawr in 1928; her first stage parts were bits, but she always attracted attention with her distinct New England accent and her bony, sturdy frame. The actress’ outspokenness lost her more jobs than she received, but, in 1932, she finally scored on Broadway with the starring role in The Warrior’s Husband. She didn’t want to sign the film contract offered her by RKO, so she made several “impossible” demands concerning salary and choice of scripts. The studios agreed to her terms, and, in 1932, she made her film debut opposite John Barrymore in A Bill of Divorcement (despite legends to the contrary, the stars got along quite well). Critical reaction to Hepburn’s first film set the tone for the next decade: Some thought that she was the freshest and most original actress in Hollywood, while others were irritated by her mannerisms and “artificial” speech patterns. For her third film, Morning Glory (1933), Hepburn won the first of her four Oscars. But despite initial good response to her films, Hepburn lost a lot of popularity during her RKO stay because of her refusal to play the “Hollywood game.” She dressed in unfashionable slacks and paraded about without makeup; refused to pose for pinup pictures, give autographs, or grant interviews; and avoided mingling with her co-workers. As stories of her arrogance and self-absorption leaked out, moviegoers responded by staying away from her films. The fact that Hepburn was a thoroughly dedicated professional — letter-perfect in lines, completely prepared and researched in her roles, the first to arrive to the set each day and the last to leave each evening — didn’t matter in those days, when style superseded substance.

Briefly returning to Broadway in 1933’s The Lake, Hepburn received devastating reviews from the same critics who found her personality so bracing in The Warrior’s Husband. The grosses on her RKO films diminished with each release — understandably so, since many of them (Break of Hearts [1935], Mary of Scotland [1936]) were not very good. She reclaimed the support of RKO executives after appearing in the moneymaking Alice Adams (1935) — only to lose it again by insisting upon starring in Sylvia Scarlett (1936), a curious exercise in sexual ambiguity that lost a fortune. Efforts to “humanize” the haughty Hepburn personality in Stage Door (1937) and the delightful Bringing Up Baby (1938) came too late; in 1938, she was deemed “box-office poison” by an influential exhibitor’s publication. Hepburn’s career might have ended then and there, but she hadn’t been raised to be a quitter. She went back to Broadway in 1938 with a part written especially for her in Philip Barry’s The Philadelphia Story. Certain of a hit, she bought the film rights to the play; thus, when it ended up a success, she was able to negotiate her way back into Hollywood on her own terms, including her choice of director and co-stars. Produced by MGM in 1940, the film version was a box-office triumph, and Hepburn had beaten the “poison” label.

In her next MGM film, Woman of the Year (1942), Hepburn co-starred with Spencer Tracy, a copacetic teaming that endured both professionally and personally until Tracy’s death in 1967. After several years of off-and-on films, Hepburn scored another success with 1951’s The African Queen, marking her switch from youngish sophisticates to middle-aged character leads. After 1962’s Long Day’s Journey Into Night, Hepburn withdrew from performing for nearly five years, devoting her attention to her ailing friend and lover Tracy. She made the last of her eight screen appearances with Tracy in Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner (1967), which also featured her niece Katharine Houghton. Hepburn won her second Oscar for this film, and her third the following year for A Lion in Winter; the fourth was bestowed 13 years later for On Golden Pond (1981). When she came back to Broadway for the 1969 musical Coco, Hepburn proved that the years had not mellowed her; she readily agreed to preface her first speech with a then-shocking profanity, and, during one performance, she abruptly dropped character to chew out an audience member for taking flash pictures. Hepburn made the first of her several television movies in 1975, co-starring with Sir Laurence Olivier in Love Among the Ruins — and winning an Emmy award, as well. Her last Broadway appearance was in 1976’s A Matter of Gravity.

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Hepburn continued to star on TV and in films, announcing on each occasion that it would be her last performance. She also began writing books and magazine articles, each of them an extension of her personality: self-centered, well-organized, succinct, and brutally frank (especially regarding herself). While she remained a staunch advocate of physical fitness, Hepburn suffered from a genetic condition, a persistent tremor that caused her head to shake — an affliction she blithely incorporated into her screen characters. In 1994, Warren Beatty coaxed Hepburn out of her latest retirement to appear as his aristocratic grand-aunt in Love Affair. Though appearing frailer than usual, Hepburn was in complete control of herself and her craft, totally dominating her brief scenes. And into her nineties and on the threshold of her tenth decade, Katharine Hepburn remained the consummate personality, actress, and star.

On June 29, 2003 Katharine Hepburn died of natural causes in Old Saybrook, Connetticut. She was 96.

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Drake . “Hotline Bling”. Letra en inglés y video. Traducción al español. Selección de canciones en inglés.

Canciones en inglés: “Hotline Blink” de Drake; uno de los cantantes con más éxito del momento. La canción resultó ganadora del Grammy 2017 a la mejor canción rap y mejor interpretación rap.

VIDEO DE LA CANCIÓN HOTLINE BLINK DE DRAKE:

Drake – Hotline Bling

Hotline Bling

You used to call me on my, you used to, you used to
You used to call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
Call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
And I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing
I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing

Ever since I left the city you
Got a reputation for yourself now
Everybody knows and I feel left out
Girl you got me down, you got me stressed out
‘Cause ever since I left the city, you
Started wearing less and goin’ out more
Glasses of champagne out on the dance floor
Hangin’ with some girls I’ve never seen before

You used to call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
Call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing
I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing

Ever since I left the city, you, you, you
You and me we just don’t get along
You make me feel like I did you wrong
Going places where you don’t belong
Ever since I left the city, you
You got exactly what you asked for
Running out of pages in your passport
Hanging with some girls I’ve never seen before

You used to call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
Call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
And I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing
I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing

These days, all I do is
Wonder if you bendin’ over backwards for someone else
Wonder if you’re rollin’ up a backwoods for someone else
Doing things I taught you, gettin’ nasty for someone else
You don’t need no one else
You don’t need nobody else, no
Why you never alone
Why you always touching road
Used to always stay at home, be a good girl
You was in the zone
You should just be yourself
Right now, you’re someone else

You used to call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
Call me on my cell phone
Late night when you need my love
And I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing
I know when that hotline bling
That can only mean one thing

Ever since I left the city.

Llamada esperada

Solías llamarme a mí, solías, solías
Solías llamarme a mi celular
En la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Llámame a mi celular
Tarde en la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Y sé que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa
Se que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa

Desde que deje la ciudad tú
Tienes una reputación para ti ahora
Todos saben y me siento excluido
Nena me tienes triste, me tienes estresado
Porque desde que deje la ciudad, tu
Empezaste a vestir meno

Copas de champagne en la pista de baile
Cotorreando con algunas chicas que nunca había visto antes

Solías llamarme a mí, solías, solías
Solías llamarme a mi celular
En la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Llámame a mi celular
Tarde en la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Y sé que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa
Se que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa

Desde que deja la ciudad, tu tu tu
Tu y yo ya nos llevamos
Me haces sentir que te hice algo malo
Yendo a lugares donde no perteneces
Desde que deje la ciudad, tú
Tienes exactamente lo que pediste
Se te acaban las paginas en tu pasaporte
Estando con chicas que nunca había visto antes

Solías llamarme a mí, solías, solías
Solías llamarme a mi celular
En la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Llámame a mi celular
Tarde en la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Y sé que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa
Se que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa

Estos días, todo lo que hago es
Preguntarme si te estas dejándote caer para alguien más
Me pregunto si estas forjando cigarrillos para alguien más
Haciendo cosas que te enseñe, coqueteando para alguien mas
No necesitas a nadie mas
No necesitas a nadie más, no
Porque nunca estas sola
Porque siempre andas en la calle
Siempre solías quedarte en casa, se una buena chica
Estabas en la zona
Deberías de ser tu misma
Ahora mismo, eres alguien más

Solías llamarme a mí, solías, solías
Solías llamarme a mi celular
En la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Llámame a mi celular
Tarde en la noche cuando necesitas mi amor
Y sé que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa
Se que cuando esa llamada suene
Solo puede significar una cosa

desde que deje la ciudad.

Aubrey Drake Graham nació en Toronto, el 24 de octubre de 1986.

Conocido artísticamente como Drake, es un rapero, cantante, compositor, productor discográfico y actor canadiense.

El cantante llegó a vender hasta 2012 más de siete millones de álbumes en todo el mundo. ​ Por su trabajo ha ganado un premio Grammy, tres premios Juno, seis premios BET, y estableció varios registros importantes en las listas de Billboard.

‘Scorpion’ de Drake, es el disco más vendido en 2018, en los Estados Unidos, con 3.90 millones de unidades.

 

 

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Debbie Reynolds biography. Famous people in English. Personajes famosos en inglés.

Debbie Reynolds biography:

 

Debbie Reynolds (Mary Frances Reynolds, April 1, 1932 – December 28, 2016) was an American actress, singer, businesswoman, film historian, and humanitarian. Her breakout role was the portrayal of Helen Kane in the 1950 film Three Little Words, for which she was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer. However, it was her first leading role in 1952 at age 19, as Kathy Selden in Singin’ in the Rain, that set her on the path to fame. By the mid-1950s, she was a major star. Other notable successes include The Affairs of Dobie Gillis (1953), Susan Slept Here (1954), Bundle of Joy (1956 Golden Globe nomination), The Catered Affair (1956 National Board of Review Best Supporting Actress Winner), and Tammy and the Bachelor (1957), in which her performance of the song “Tammy” reached number one on the music charts. In 1959, she released her first pop music album, entitled Debbie.

She starred in How the West Was Won (1963), and The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964), a biographical film about the famously boisterous Molly Brown. Her performance as Brown earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her other notable films include The Singing Nun (1966), Divorce American Style (1967), What’s the Matter with Helen? (1971), Mother (1996 Golden Globe nomination), and In & Out (1997). Reynolds was also a noted cabaret performer. In 1979 she founded the Debbie Reynolds Dance Studio in North Hollywood, which still operates today.

In 1969 she starred in her own television show The Debbie Reynolds Show, for which she received a Golden Globe nomination. In 1973 Reynolds starred in a Broadway revival of the musical Irene and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Musical.She was also nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for her performance in A Gift of Love (1999) and an Emmy Award for playing Grace’s mother Bobbi on Will & Grace. At the turn of the millennium, Reynolds reached a new younger generation with her role as Aggie Cromwell in Disney’s Halloweentown series. In 1988 she released her autobiography titled, Debbie: My Life. In 2013, she released an updated version titled Unsinkable: A Memoir.

Reynolds was a noted businesswoman, having operated her own hotel in Las Vegas. She was also a collector of film memorabilia, beginning with items purchased at the landmark 1970 MGM auction. She was the former president of The Thalians, an organization dedicated to mental health causes. Reynolds continued to perform successfully on stage, television, and film into her eighties. In January 2015, Reynolds received the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award. In 2016 she received the Academy Awards Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. In the same year, a documentary about her life was released titled Bright Lights: Starring Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds.
On December 28, 2016, one day after the death of her daughter Carrie Fisher, Reynolds died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles.

 

Reynolds regularly appeared in movie musicals during the 1950s and had several hit records during the period. Her song “Aba Daba Honeymoon” (featured in the film Two Weeks with Love (1950) as a duet with Carleton Carpenter) was a top-three hit in 1951. Her most high-profile film role was in Singin’ in the Rain (1952), a satire on movie making in Hollywood during the transition from silent to sound pictures. It costarred Gene Kelly, whom she called a “great dancer and cinematic genius,” adding, “He made me a star. I was 18 and he taught me how to dance and how to work hard and be dedicated.” In 1956 she appeared in Bundle of Joy with her then-husband, Eddie Fisher.
Her recording of the song “Tammy” (1957; from Tammy and the Bachelor), earned her a gold record, and was the best-selling single by a female vocalist in 1957. It was number one for five weeks on the Billboard pop charts. In the movie (the first of the Tammy film series), she co-starred with Leslie Nielsen.
Reynolds also scored two other top-25 Billboard hits with “A Very Special Love” (#20 in January 1958) and “Am I That Easy to Forget” (#25 in March 1960)—a pop-music version of a country-music hit made famous by both songwriters Carl Belew (in 1959), Skeeter Davis (in 1960), and several years later by singer Engelbert Humperdinck.
During these years, she also headlined in major Las Vegas showrooms. Reynolds’ last album was a Christmas record with the late Donald O’Connor entitled Chrissy the Christmas Mouse.

Mary Frances Reynolds was born on April 1, 1932, in El Paso, Texas, the daughter of Maxine (née Harmon; 1913–1999) and Raymond Francis Reynolds (1903–1986), a carpenter for the Southern Pacific Railroad. She was of Scottish-Irish and English ancestry, and was raised in a strict Nazarene church. She had a brother two years her senior, and Reynolds was a Girl Scout, once saying that she wanted to die as the world’s oldest living Girl Scout. Her father dug ditches and her mother took in washing clothes for others for income, while they they lived in a “shack” on Magnolia Street, in El Paso. “We may have been poor,” she said, “but we always had something to eat, even if Dad had to go out on the desert and shoot jack rabbits.”

One of the advantages of having been poor is that you learn to appreciate good fortune and the value of a dollar, and poverty holds no fear for you because you know you’ve gone through it and you can do it again…But we were always a happy family and a religious one. And I’m trying to inculcate in my children the same sense of values, the same tone that my mother gave to me.”

Her family moved to Burbank, California, in 1939. At age sixteen, in 1948, while a student at Burbank High School, she won the Miss Burbank beauty contest. Soon after, she had a contract with Warner Bros and acquired a new first name via Jack Warner.

During her teenage years in Burbank, she rarely dated, said one of her closes high school friends. “They never found her attractive in school. She was cute, but sort of tomboyish, and her family never had any money to speak of. She never dressed well or drove a car. And, I think, during all the years in school, she was invited to only one dance.” Her friend adds:

I say this in all sincerity. Debbie can serve as an inspiration to all young American womanhood. She came up the hard way, and she has a realistic sense of values based on faith, love, work and money. Life has been kind to her because she has been kind to life. She’s a young woman with a conscience, which is something rare in Hollywood actresses. She also has a refreshing sense of honesty.

Her starring role in The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1964) led to a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. She then portrayed Jeanine Deckers in The Singing Nun (1966). In what Reynolds once called the “stupidest mistake of my entire career”, she made headlines in 1970 after instigating a fight with the NBC television network over cigarette advertising on her weekly television show. Although she was at the time television’s highest paid female performer, she quit the show for breaking its contract:

I was shocked to discover that the initial commercial aired during the premiere of my new series was devoted to a nationally advertised brand of cigarette (Pall Mall). I fully outlined my personal feelings concerning cigarette advertising … that I will not be a party to such commercials which I consider directly opposed to health and well-being.

Reynolds continued to make appearances in film and television. She played Helen Chappel Hackett’s mother, Deedee Chappel, on an episode of Wings titled, “If It’s Not One Thing, It’s Your Mother”, which originally aired on November 22, 1994. From 1999 to its 2006 series finale, she played Grace Adler’s theatrical mother, Bobbi Adler, on the NBC sitcom Will & Grace, which earned her an Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series in 2000. She plays a recurring role in the Disney Channel Original Movie Halloweentown film series as Aggie Cromwell. Reynolds made a guest appearance as a presenter at the 69th Academy Awards in 1997. She made a cameo role as herself in the 2004 film Connie and Carla. In 2013 she appeared in Behind the Candelabra, as the mother of Liberace.

With limited film and television opportunities coming her way, Reynolds accepted an opportunity to make her Broadway debut. She starred in the 1973 revival of Irene, a musical first produced 60 years before. When asked why she waited so long to appear in a Broadway play, she explained:

Primarily because I had two children growing up. I could make movies and recordings and play in nearby Las Vegas and handle a television series without being away from them. Now, they are well on the way to being adults. Also, there was the matter of being offered a show that I felt might be right for me … I felt that Irene was it and now was the time.

Along with Reynolds, her daughter Carrie was also making her Broadway debut in the play. The production broke records for the highest weekly gross of any musical. For that production, she received a Tony nomination. Reynolds also starred in a self-titled Broadway revue, Debbie, in 1976. She toured with Harve Presnell in Annie Get Your Gun, then wrapped up the Broadway run of Woman of the Year in 1983. In the late 1980s Reynolds repeated her role as Molly Brown in the stage version of The Unsinkable Molly Brown, first opposite Presnell (repeating his original Broadway and movie role) and later with Ron Raines.

Reynolds amassed a large collection of movie memorabilia, beginning with items from the landmark 1970 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer auction, and displayed them, first in a museum at her Las Vegas hotel and casino during the 1990s and later in a museum close to the Kodak Theater in Los Angeles. On several occasions, she auctioned off items from the collection.

The museum was to relocate to be the centerpiece of the Belle Island Village tourist attraction in the resort city of Pigeon Forge, Tennessee, but the developer went bankrupt. The museum filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in June 2009.

Todd Fisher, Reynolds’ son, announced that his mother was “heartbroken” to have to auction off her collection. It was valued at $10.79 million in the bankruptcy filing. The Los Angeles auction firm Profiles in History was given the responsibility of conducting a series of auctions. Among the “more than 3500 costumes, 20,000 photographs, and thousands of movie posters, costume sketches, and props” included in the sales were Charlie Chaplin’s bowler hat and Marilyn Monroe’s white “subway dress”, whose skirt is lifted up by the breeze from a passing subway train in the film The Seven Year Itch (1955). The dress sold for $4.6 million; the final auction was held in May 2014.

In 1979, Reynolds opened her own dance studio in North Hollywood. In 1983 she released an exercise video titled Do It Debbie’s Way!.

She purchased the Clarion Hotel and Casino, a hotel and casino in Las Vegas, in 1992 and renamed it the Debbie Reynolds Hollywood Hotel, but it was not a success. In 1997, Reynolds was forced to declare bankruptcy.

In June 2010, she replaced Ivana Trump answering reader queries for the weekly paper Globe.

Reynolds was married three times. Her first marriage was to singer Eddie Fisher in 1955. They were the parents of Carrie and Todd Fisher. The couple divorced in 1959 when Fisher had an affair with Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds’ good friend at the time, shortly after the death of Taylor’s husband Mike Todd. The Eddie Fisher-Elizabeth Taylor affair caused a serious public scandal, even leading to the cancellation of Eddie Fisher’s television show at the time. In 2011, on The Oprah Winfrey Show, just weeks before Elizabeth Taylor’s death, Reynolds explained that she and Taylor happened to be traveling at the same time on the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth sometime in the late 1960s or early 1970s when they made up. Reynolds sent a note to Taylor’s room, and Taylor sent a note in reply asking to have dinner with Reynolds and end their feud. The two reconciled, and, as Reynolds put it, “… we had a wonderful evening with a lot of laughs”. The 1990 film Postcards from the Edge was written by Reynolds’ daughter Carrie Fisher and was semi-autobiographical, with the character of “Doris Mann” based on Reynolds.

Reynolds’ second marriage, to millionaire businessman Harry Karl, lasted from 1960 to 1973. Reynolds later found herself in financial difficulty because of Karl’s gambling and bad investments.

Reynolds’ third marriage was to real estate developer Richard Hamlett from 1984 to 1996.

In 2010, she appeared in her own West End show Debbie Reynolds: Alive and Fabulous. Beginning in 1955, Reynolds was active in The Thalians, a charitable organization devoted to children and adults with mental health issues; In 2011 she stepped down after 56 years of involvement and became an emerita member.

Reynolds was hospitalized in October 2012 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, due to an adverse reaction to medication. She canceled appearances and concert engagements for the next three months.

On December 23, 2016, Reynolds’ daughter, actress and writer Carrie Fisher, suffered a heart attack on a transatlantic flight from London to Los Angeles, and died at the age of 60 on December 27. On December 28 Reynolds was hospitalized at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, in fair-to-serious condition after a stroke at her son’s home. Later that afternoon, Reynolds died in the hospital.

Reynolds is survived by her son Todd Fisher and her granddaughter Billie Lourd. Her son said that his mother’s stress from the death of her daughter was partly responsible for her stroke. “Reynolds told him she missed her daughter and wanted to be with her,” according to news reports.

Reynolds was the 1955 Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year. Her foot and handprints are preserved at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Hollywood, California. She also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6654 Hollywood Boulevard, for live performance and a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars dedicated to her. In keeping with the celebrity tradition of the Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival of Winchester, Virginia, Reynolds was honored as the Grand Marshal of the 2011 ABF that took place from April 26 to May 1, 2011.

In November 2006 Reynolds received the Lifetime Achievement in the Arts Award from Chapman University (Orange, California). On May 17, 2007, she was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Nevada, Reno, where she had contributed for many years to the film studies program.

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Acróstico de Lewis Carroll en ‘Alicia’. Poesías escogidas en inglés.

LEWIS CARROLL. POESIA.

Acróstico de Lewis Carroll en ‘Alicia’

A Boat Beneath a Sunny Sky

A boat beneath a sunny sky,
Lingering onward dreamily
In an evening of July—

Children three that nestle near,
Eager eye and willing ear,
Pleased a simple tale to hear—

Long has paled that sunny sky:
Echoes fade and memories die.
Autumn frosts have slain July.

Still she haunts me, phantomwise,
Alice moving under skies
Never seen by waking eyes.

Children yet, the tale to hear,
Eager eye and willing ear,
Lovingly shall nestle near.

In a Wonderland they lie,
Dreaming as the days go by,
Dreaming as the summers die:

Ever drifting down the stream—
Lingering in the golden gleam—
Life, what is it but a dream?

 

Un barco debajo de un cielo soleado:

Un barco bajo un cielo soleado.
Avanzando hacia adelante somnoliento
En una tarde de julio—
Los tres niños que están situados cerca,
Ojo ansioso y oído dispuesto.
Complacidos con un simple cuento que escuchar.
Durante mucho tiempo ha palidecido ese cielo soleado:
Los ecos se desvanecen y los recuerdos mueren.
Las heladas otoñales han matado a julio.
Todavía me persigue, fantasmalmente,
Alice moviéndose bajo los cielos
Nunca vista por ojos despiertos.

Los niños aún, el cuento por escuchar,
Ojo ansioso y oído dispuesto.
Con amor se acurrucarán cerca.

En el País de las Maravillas ellos mienten,
Soñando como pasan los días,
Soñando como mueren los veranos:

Alguna vez a la deriva por el arroyo
Persistiendo en el brillo dorado—
La vida, ¿qué es sino un sueño?

 

<<Para leer la biografía de Lewis Carroll en otra entrada del blog, pinchar aquí <<

 

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“All The Stars” by Kendrick Lamar and SZA. Letra en inglés y video. Traducción al español. Selección de canciones en inglés.

Canciones en inglés: “All the stars” canción de la película Black Panther interpretada por Kendrick Lamar y SZA. Nominada al Oscar a la mejor canción original en 2019, nominada a los Grammy y los Globos de oro.

 

VIDEO DE LA CANCIÓN ALL THE STARS DE KENDRICK LAMAR Y SZA.

“All The Stars” by Kendrick Lamar and SZA.

All the stars

Pre-Chorus (Kendrick Lamar)
Love, let’s talk about love
Is it anything and everything you hoped for?
Or do the feeling haunt you?
I know the feeling haunt you

Chorus x2 (SZA)
This may be the night that my dreams might let me know
All the stars are closer (x3)

I (Kendrick Lamar))
Tell me what you gon’ do to me
Confrontation ain’t nothin’ new to me
You can bring a bullet, bring a sword, bring a morgue but you can’t bring the truth to me
Fuck you and all your expectations
I don’t even want your congratulations
I recognize your false confidence and calculated promises all in your conversation
I hate people that feel entitled
Look at me crazy cuz I ain’t invite you
Oh, you important?
You the moral to the story? You endorsin’?
Motherfucker, I don’t even like you
Corrupt a man’s heart with a gift
That’s how you find out who you dealin’ with
A small percentage who I’m buildin’ with
I want the credit if I’m losin’ or I’m winnin’
On my momma, that’s the realest shit

Pre-Chorus
Love, let’s talk about love
Is it anything and everything you hoped for?
Or do the feeling haunt you?
I know the feeling haunt you

Chorus x2 (SZA)
This may be the night that my dreams might let me know
All the stars are closer (x3)

II
Skin covered in ego
Get to talkin’, I get involved, like a rebound
Got no end game, got no reason, got to stay down
It’s the way that you make me feel
Like nobody ever loved me like you, you do
You kinda feeling like you’re trying to get away from me
If you do, I won’t move
I, I just cry for no reason
I just pray for no reason
I just thank for the life, for the day
For the hours and another life breathin’
I did it all cuz it feel good
You’d leave it all if it feel bad
Better live your life, we were runnin’ out of time

Pre-Chorus (Kendrick Lamar)+ SZA):
Love, let’s talk about love
Is it anything and everything you hoped for?
Or do the feeling haunt you?
I know the feeling haunt you

Chorus x2 (SZA):
This may be the night that my dreams might let me know
All the stars are closer (x3)

“Todas las estrellas” de Kendrik Lamar  y SZA

Amor, hablemos sobre el amor
¿Es absolutamente todo por lo que esperabas?
¿O el sentimiento te atormenta?
Sé que el sentimiento te obsesiona

Estribillo x2 (SZA)
Esta podría ser la noche en la que mis sueños quizá me dejen saber
Que todas las estrellas están cerca (x3)

I (Kendrik Lamar)
Dime lo que vas a hacerme
La confrontación no es nada nuevo para mí
Puedes ofrecerme una bala, una espada o una morgue pero no me puedes traer la verdad
Que se jodan tú y tus expectativas
Ni siquiera quiero tus felicitaciones
Reconozco tu falsa seguridad en ti mismo y todas las promesas premeditadas en tu conversación
Odio a la gente que se siente privilegiada
Al verme como un loco porque no te invité
¿Eres importante?
¿Eres la moraleja de la historia? ¿tu respaldo?
Imbécil, ni siquiera me gustas
Corrompes el corazón de un hombre con un regalo
Así es como descubres con quien tratas
Es un porcentaje pequeño con el que estoy construyendo
Quiero el crédito si estoy perdiendo o ganando
Para mi mamá esta es la porquería más real

Pre-estribillo
Amor, hablemos del amor
¿Es absolutamente todo por lo que esperabas?
¿O el sentimiento te atormenta?
Sé que el sentimiento te obsesiona

Estribillo x2 (SZA)
Esta podría ser la noche en la que mis sueños quizá me dejen saber
Que todas las estrellas están más cerca (x3)

II
La piel está cubierta de ego
Hablamos, me veo envuelta en esto, como en un  rebote
No tengo un “fin del juego”, no tengo la razón, tengo que estar caída
Es la manera como me haces sentir
Como si nadie me hubiera amado como tú lo haces, lo haces
Parece que te sientes como si trataras de alejarte de mí
Si lo haces, no me moveré
Yo solo lloro sin motivo
Solo lloro sin motivos
Solo agradezco a la vida, por cada día
Por las horas y por otra vida respirando
Lo hice todo porque hace sentirse bien
Lo dejarías todo si te hiciera sentir mal
Es mejor que vivas tu vida, se nos está acabando el tiempo

Pre-estribillo (Kendrik Lamar y SZA)
Amor, hablemos del amor
¿Es absolutamente todo por lo que esperabas?
¿O el sentimiento te atormenta?
Sé que el sentimiento te obsesiona

Estribillo x2 (SZA)
Esta podría ser la noche en la que mis sueños quizá me dejen saber
Que todas las estrellas están más cerca (x3)

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